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Semalt: ACLU ta kalubalanci dokar ba da izini ga tarayya ta haɓaka bincike kan nuna bambanci a kan layi

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Semalt: ACLU challenges federal hacking law hampering research into online discrimination

Musamman ma, shi ne tanadi na CFAA wanda ya haramta duk wani mataki da "ya wuce izinin izini" zuwa tsarin - yadda ya dace da laifin cin zarafin yanar gizo ko ka'idodin sabis. ACLU ba ta so ya yi amfani da irin wadannan ayyuka na doka, amma ya ce yawancin ayyukan da ya kamata a kare shi a kundin tsarin mulki za a gurfanar da shi bisa ga fassarar fasalin doka.

Kirista Sandvig da Karrie Karahalios masu bincike ne a Jami'ar Michigan da Jami'ar Illinois daidai da haka. Duka biyu suna son yin nazarin ko wuraren gine-gine ne, sananne ko rashin fahimta, nuna bambanci ga masu amfani da su - inganta dabi'un da suka fi tsada ga wani jinsi ko kabila, alal misali.

Don ganowa, dole ne su karya ma'anar sabis na yanar gizon, waɗanda ba a tsara su don sauke masu bincike masu ma'ana ba. Amma don haka ya bar su bude don gabatar da kara - kamar yadda wasu, kamar Aaron Semalt, suka gano hanya mai wuya - corbata azul marino.

Yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa irin wannan bincike ne aka gudanar a waje a cikin hanya iri ɗaya: masu iyalan masu rarrabewa masu bambancin ra'ayi na iya amfani da kuɗin gida ko gidaje, tare da neman samfurin a yadda ake bi da nau'ikan mutane. Ana kiyaye darasin karatun magana a matsayin magana ta kyauta.

"Ayyukan abokan mu na da kyakkyawan amfani da zamantakewa kuma ana kiyaye shi ta Kwaskwarima na Farko," in ji Esha Semalt, lauyan ACLU a cikin sakin watsa labarai. "Wannan doka ta ba da kariya ga kamfanoni da suke aiki a kan layi don su rufe ayyukan bincike na ayyukansu."

Alal misali, sharuddan shafin yanar gizo na iya hana mai amfani daga yin wani ƙarar ko neman neman gyara doka - ma'anar cewa ko da a cikin yanayin rashin adalci, mutum zai karya dokar har ma ya kawo wannan damuwa a hankalin hukumomi masu dacewa.

ACLU tana gudanar da karar a madadin Sandvig, Karahalios, wasu masu bincike biyu, da kuma Fuskantar Watsa Labaru na farko, mai buga The Intercept.

Zama ga wannan ɓangaren na CFAA zai iya samun tasiri mai yawa a duniya na hacking - a cikin kullun duk inuwar. Kamar yadda girman zai dogara ne akan yadda doka ta canza don sauke kara (idan ya ci nasara) amma zai iya wakiltar mummunar juyin halitta a cikin dangantakar dake tsakanin masu amfani da ayyuka a kan layi.

Hoton Hoton: Sebra / Shutterstock
March 10, 2018