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Duniya na Kwayoyin Kwayoyin cuta & Neman; Mashawarwar Semalt

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Kowane kwamfuta da kebul na intanet zai iya fuskanci wani yanki na barazana. Daya daga cikin barazanar farko shine cutar kwamfuta. Ba daidai ba ne a ce cewa ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin kwamfuta sun zama lamari na yau da kullum a cikin waɗannan kwanaki, ƙyale masu amfani da na'ura masu amfani da su su kai hari ga na'urorinka kuma su sata keɓaɓɓen bayaninka.

An kirkiro ƙwayoyin software daban-daban don haifar da matsalolin masu amfani da intanit. Amma zaka iya kawar da su ta hanyar neman taimakon masanin kwamfuta kuma ta gano yanayin matsalar. Yadda zaka sa kwamfutarka ba tare da malware ba? Tambaya ce da ake kira sau da yawa, amma masana basu kasa bada amsoshi masu dacewa ba.

Lokacin da aka saukar da matakan software, ya zama wajibi a gare mu mu gano matsalar kuma kawar da ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin kwamfuta a wuri-wuri. A cikin wannan labarin, Ross Barber, Semalt Abokin Ciniki Success Manager, zai gaya maka cewa ƙwayoyin kwamfuta za su iya haifar da babbar hasara a cikin na'urorinka.

Kwayoyin cuta da tsutsotsi

Kwayar cuta ta kwamfuta ce wani shirin da zai iya yada tsakanin kwakwalwa da kuma boye kanta a cikin tsarinka. Yana sake yin fayiloli kuma yana lalata bayanan da kuma duk aikace-aikacenku. Har ila yau, yana iya tafiya daga wannan na'urar zuwa wani ba tare da saninka ba.

Ana amfani da lambobin zamani masu amfani da lambobi na zamani don yin waƙa da masu amfani akan intanet..Wasu lokuta, za ku ga layi a cikin yanar gizo, da kuma wasu lokutan gudun gudun kwamfutarku ya ragu.

Tsutsotsi sun fara bayyana a karni na 19 kuma suka yada tsakanin na'urorin kwamfuta da aka haɗa zuwa Wi-Fi guda ɗaya. An nuna su cikin nau'i na sakonni masu ban sha'awa akan allonka. An kira cutar ta farko Elk Cloner. An rubuta a cikin shekarun 1980s kuma ya shafi babban adadin kwakwalwa ta hanyar floppies.

Trojans da zombies

Yana da lafiya a faɗi cewa ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin cuta da tsutsotsi ba su da matsala, amma Trojans kuma zomaye sun ɗauki mummunan tsari. Suna aiki kamar makami mai karfi na masu amfani da kwayoyi don samun dama ga na'urarka. Suna tilasta kamfanoni da masu amfani da software su rufe tsarin su ko tambayar su su biya fansa kafin a tsabtace tsarin.

Yawancin masu amfani da hackers sun sace kalmomin shiga, sunayen mai amfani da lambobin katin bashi na daruruwan zuwa dubban mutane. Suna shigar da shirye-shiryen kansu a kan tsarinka kuma suna nuna mahimmancin windows, wadanda suka hada da na'ura a cikin sakanni. Wadannan shirye-shirye sune ake kira dawakai na Trojan. Akwai tabbacin cewa ƙwayoyin cuta da masu satar kayan doki na Trojan din suna samun kudi mai yawa ta hanyar isa ga na'urorinka da aka haɗa da intanet.

Spam da spammers

Tare da ƙayyadadden lokaci, masu shafukan yanar gizo da masu amfani da kwayoyi sun fara amfani da magunguna don aika imel imel zuwa ga yawan mutane. Idan ka sami irin wannan imel, ya kamata ka duba kwamfutarka don ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta kuma toshe dukkan adireshin imel da suke duban m. Wadannan masu laifi sun kasance a ko'ina kuma suna da kwarewa a yaudarar masu amfani a wata hanya ko kuma sauran.

Tsinkaya

Mahimmanci shine wani nau'i na ƙwayoyin cuta wanda yawanci ana kama masu amfani ta hanyar imel da kuma sakonnin sakonnin zamantakewa. Mai yawa masu amfani da hackers da spammers sun yaudare masu amfani, suna sata kudadensu da kuma lalata na'urori masu kwakwalwa.

November 29, 2017
Duniya na Kwayoyin Kwayoyin cuta & Neman; Mashawarwar Semalt
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